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FAQs

Declaw Surgery for Cats
PennHIP Hip Dysplasia Evaluation
Diet Linked to Expression of Canine Hip Dysplasia
How do you remove skunk odor from a pet?
How Toxic is Chocolate to Pets?
DECLAW SURGERY FOR CATS
Dr. Arnold L. Goldman,Canton Animal Hospital

"Declawing" of cats has been commonly performed for many years as a method which allows people to cope with a normal feline behavior. This normal behavior serves to both remove loose claw material (sharpen the claws) as well as to mark the territory of a given cat, both visually and by olfactory means (odor, pheromones).

Declawing has taken on a bit of a controversial tone with some people for two reasons. First the procedure is entirely elective and arguably provides no benefit to the cat ( this may not be strictly true, if an owner, beside him/herself coping with damage to house and home caused by this normal behavior, would give up, abandon or choose euthanasia for their cat). Second, because of the circulation of horror stories of pain, bleeding, infection, claw regrowth, anesthetic complications and other problems related to the procedure, some people, including some veterinarians, have decided it is inhumane and decry it.

Declawing, correctly termed onychectomy, is actually the amputation of the third or last bone of each toe. It is from this bone that the germinal cells of the claw or nailbed arise. This nailbed must be removed entirely, or regrowth of claw tissue will occur. This is generally performed on  the front feet only , as most damage is done by these claws.

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PENNHIP HIP DYSPLASIA EVALUATION
Dr. Arnold L. Goldman,Canton Animal Hospital

Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD) is the most common, heritable orthopedic problem seen in dogs.  It affects virtually all breeds of dogs but is especially problematic in large and giant breeds. Clinically, the disease manifests itself in one of two ways: 1) a severe form that typically affects the younger animal and is usually characterized by marked pain or lameness, or 2) a more chronic form with more gradual onset of clinical signs such as mild, intermittent pain, stiffness and restricted range of motion in the hips as the dog ages. In many cases, the chronic form may be clinically silent.

Dog owners and veterinarians have long sought a reliable method to accurately predict the likelihood of a dog developing CHD and passing that genetic trait to any offspring.  It was generally recognized that traditional diagnostic methods of hip evaluation were associated with disappointing progress in reducing the frequency of CHD. The PennHIP method was developed to address this problem.

PennHIP is a scientific method to evaluate a dog for Hip Dysplasia.  In 1983, Dr. Gail Smith from the university of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine began to actively research and develop a new scientific method for the early diagnosis of Canine Hip Dysplasia. This research resulted in a diagnostic method of estimating susceptibility in dogs as young as sixteen weeks. This method has shown distinct advantages over other diagnostic methods that recommend final evaluation be performed when the dog is over two years of age or older.

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DIET LINKED TO EXPRESSION OF CANINE HIP DYSPLASIA
Dr. Arnold L. Goldman,Canton Animal Hospital

Results of this study showed that by keeping dogs lean, the onset of osteoarthritis was delayed and its severity and prevalence was reduced significantly. Additionally, osteoarthritis prevalence in other joints of lean dogs was decreased and lean dogs had significantly increased longevity.

The principal risk factor, if not the cause, for the development of hip osteoarthritis has been shown to be joint laxity. Previous research has shown the hip-extended radiographic view to underestimate hip laxity, leading to a high rate of false-negative diagnoses at two years of age. Results of this investigation confirmed these findings: hip phenotypes (OFA and osteoarthritis score) were much worse at the end of life than at two years of age. In fact, 55% of dogs scored "normal" at two years of age became dysplastic by the end of life (55% false-negative rate). Regarding osteoarthritis, 83% of dogs that were permitted to get overweight expressed osteoarthritis by the end-of-life, compared to 50% of dogs kept lean.

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HOW DO YOU REMOVE SKUNK ODOR FROM A PET?
Dr. Arnold L. Goldman,Canton Animal Hospital
Mix 1 quart of hydrogen peroxide, 1/4 cup baking soda, 1 teaspoon liquid soap.
Sponge mixture onto a dry coat, and allow to stand for 15 minutes.
Rinse with tap water for 5 minutes. Repeat at least once.

HOW TOXIC IS CHOCOLATE TO PETS?
Dr. Arnold L. Goldman,Canton Animal Hospital

The toxic ingredient in chocolate is the stimulant theobromine. The highest concentration is found in "Baker's chocolate. Milk chocolate is much less toxic, as it has much less theobroimine. For example a 10# dog would need to consume just 3 ounces of Bakers Chocolate to risk becoming intoxicated and suffering significant affects. The same 10# dog would need to consume 27 ounces of ordinary milk chocolate, to suffer the same degree of intoxication.


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